Organization TheoryOrganization theory represents a young and complex field of study related to the behavior of organizations and companies. Through particular methods like analysis, generalization and observation, organization theory specialists try to determine how companies and organizations will behave in certain situations.
There are some different perspectives over how we can perceive organizational theory. For example, those who advocate generative organization theories and think of themselves as social constructionists will always believe that thinking about organization theory as a rational discipline is wrong. We can’t think of organizations as mechanisms that behave in certain ways because we always must consider risk factors that stem from the fact that organizations are lead by people who are prone to making mistakes. On the other hand, positivist-rationalists will always argue that objective data and facts are key ingredients and the most important variables in the study of organizations.
It is also crucial to add that organization theory is not a single, independent field of study. It is closely related to organizational behavior which is studying how people inside the organization act and think. Analyzing human behavior inside a compact group of people is also a difficult undergoing. Nothing can be predictable about people because every individual is shaped by culture, social environment, politics, racial perspectives, religious views. All these factors blend into the organization, making it very difficult to study. For example, when political correctness was introduced into the culture of organizations and companies all around the world, the way organizational theory experts perceived their field of study changed completely. This happened because people working in an organization could not be described anymore as a mass of people who think and act in same way. They were different and acted individually. The great challenge became how the organization could integrate people in order to achieve maximum proficiency.